Every month, a reader asks one of our sponsor legal experts about a work-related issue. These building trades law professionals respond in an Organized Labor exclusive. This month’s expert is Clifton Smoot of The Veen Firm P.C.. Ask Clifton a question at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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"I'm Sorry," Legally Speaking

A fall, crash, collapse, or similar incident happens, catastrophically injuring someone. You are involved in the incident, and feel terrible about what occurred. Would you hesitate to say, "I'm sorry," in fear that it would create legal problems for you? Is that a reasonable concern?

Many people think that saying "I'm sorry" is the same as admitting fault. In reality, apologies have many meanings. The speaker may intend to communicate something neutral like, "I'm sorry this happened to you," or "I'm sorry that I was involved." On the other hand, the speaker may intend to communicate, "I'm sorry, because it was my fault," which conveys self-criticism and regret.

Due to this wide range of meanings, "I'm sorry" has little legal effect in civil court proceedings. Most judges would not allow your statement of "I'm sorry" to be used against you. Section 1160 of the California Evidence Code states that "expressing sympathy or a general sense of benevolence" cannot be later used against someone in court as a way to prove that they were legally responsible for an incident. Legislators wanted to encourage people to say "I'm sorry" because it is neutral and sympathetic, and may even resolve some conflicts. Bottom line: you should feel free to say, "I'm sorry," or express sympathy, and not worry about those words coming back to bite you.

On the other hand, "I'm sorry" are not magic words. If someone apologizes for an incident, and at the same time admits fault, then that statement can be used against the person in court. For instance, a statement like "I'm sorry that I was texting and driving," or "Sorry, I should've reinforced that support column," can (and should) be used against the speaker. Saying "I'm sorry" does not shield anyone from legal responsibility if they did something wrong that injured another.

-Clifton Smoot, Trial Attorney at The Veen Firm, P.C.
Ask Clifton a question at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

“Interaction via “Ask the Expert” does not establish an attorney-client relationship. Any advice given is neither legal advice nor does it serve as a replacement for hiring an attorney. In addition, any case results mentioned or discussed are not guarantees of similar results.”
Clifton Smoot

This Month's Expert; Clifton Smoot

Clifton Smoot is an attorney on the Leary Trial Team, which handles complex cases involving injuries and death arising from construction and worksite conditions, defective products, dangerous property conditions, negligent security, and collisions between cars, trucks, pedestrians, and bicyclists. Mr. Smoot has served people of all backgrounds, and cares deeply about helping every client recover from catastrophe. He graduated cum laude from UC Hastings College of the Law, received recognition for his "Outstanding Pro Bono Service," and was awarded the Pfaff Trial Lawyer Scholarship.

Before joining The Veen Firm, Mr. Smoot worked at a prestigious boutique law firm that represented both plaintiffs and defendants in personal injury cases. Working for plaintiffs in that setting, he kindled close relationships with his clients, and honed his ability to tell their stories to insurance companies, judges, and juries. He successfully advocated for clients who sustained brain injuries, amputations, spinal injuries, bone fractures, and other life-changing injuries. While working for defendants, he learned how defense attorneys and insurance companies work "behind the scenes," a valuable perspective he puts to use today when helping his clients at The Veen Firm.

In his free time, Mr. Smoot swims in the bay, hikes with his dog, and also enjoys cooking and dancing with his wife (often at the same time). He is also a coach for the UC Hastings Trial Team.


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